Thursday, 5 July 2012

Individual differences in response to cognitive training: …

Using a multi-modal, attentionally demanding game-based intervention for older adults

an article by Laura A. Whitlock, Anne Collins McLaughlin and Jason C. Allaire (Department of Psychology at North Carolina State University, USA) published in Computers in Human Behavior Volume 28 Issue 4 (July 2012)


The effectiveness of a game-based cognitive training intervention on multiple abilities was assessed in a sample of 39 older adults aged 60–77.

The intervention task was chosen based on a cognitive task analysis designed to determine the attentional and multi-modal demands of the game. Improvements on a measure of attention were found for the intervention group compared to controls.

Furthermore, for the intervention group only, initial ability scores predicted improvements on both tests of attention and spatial orientation. These results suggest cognitive training may be more effective for those initially lower in ability.


► We provided a multi-modal game intervention to older adults of varying abilities.
► We examined changes in several abilities compared to a control group.
► Older adults with initially worse abilities appear to benefit more from cognitive training.
► Future investigations should include study of individual differences in training benefit from cognitive training interventions.

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