Sunday, 30 December 2007
Via Stephen’s Lighthouse 5 December
Apparently, I’m like Rubeus Hagrid! And I so wanted to be Professor McGonagall…
Sunday, 23 December 2007
Saturday, 22 December 2007
Among the interesting scientific websites recommended for this time of year I really enjoyed this one.
You might want to ponder the genetics of Rudolph and his red nose.
Thanks to SCI News
Monday, 17 December 2007
The government-backed Technology Strategy Board wants to play a vital role in the development of innovation in the UK. Research and development investment is central to innovation, economic growth and the UK's knowledge economy holding its own in the face of global competition.... >
Read the full article
I'm really uncertain about the juxtaposition of "innovation" and "government" let alone "vital role". After a 22-year career in the civil service and a further 15 years in small business I remain to be convinced that government is capable of innovating and governing at one and the same time.
from Intute's Social Sciences Politics gateway
"The site includes a searchable database of the images which all have associated text setting them in their context. This section contains materials relating to immigration to London and the lives of London's migrant and ethnic minority communities. ... Copyright and technical information is provided on the website." Stunning stuff whether you are a social sciences student or simply interested in the social history of the last century through which readers have, of course, spent more time living through than this one!
2 Compact Oxford English Dictionary
from Intute's Social Science Research Tools and Methods gateway
"This is part of the AskOxfrod.com site maintained by Oxford University Press. It provides free access to an online searchable version of the compact Oxford English dictionary. This contains over 145,000 words, phrases, and definitions of common English language words. Information on the edition of the dictionary and copyright can be viewed on the website."
3 Friday fun
from Intute's Science, Engineering & Technology Blog by Anne
This week we look at the star of Bethlehem which led the wise men (or Magi) in their search for the the newborn Messiah. But what was this star and how did it lead the wise men? Opinions vary and various theories have been suggested. Links are provided to three different sites which provide insight into some of the different ideas about "the star".
4 Video: Spain Restoring The Alhambra
from National Geographic
Spain is embarking on an ambitious project to restore the Alhambra palace complex, a gem of Islamic and Renaissance architecture.
5 Marvellous to Behold: Miracles in Medieval Manuscripts
from British Library Press Releases
What is a miracle? Why have people for millennia believed in the power of the divine to intervene in human affairs? How has the wonder-working God of Abraham shaped the traditions of Jews, Christians and Muslims?
6 US gov't to British court: We can kidnap Brits, it's legal
from Boing Boing by Cory Doctorow
The US has told Britain that it is legal under US law to kidnap British citizens from the UK (indeed, anyone from anywhere) if they are suspected of crimes in the USA -- and that this can be done instead of using formal extradition procedures.
Link (via Warren Ellis)
Unbelievable but true!
7 Knowledge in 60 Seconds
from Open Culture by Dan Colman
This morning Boing Boing highlighted a video that figures into a larger video collection that deserves some attention. The 60 Second Lecture Series is hosted by the University of Pennsylvania (aka Penn) and features prominent faculty members giving snappy, one minute lectures on topics of their own choice. The full collection can be found here. (Note: these videos work in Real Player).
8 History of religion in 90 seconds
from Boing Boing by Mark Frauenfelder
Maps of War has a library of 90-second Flash videos that show expansion and contraction of empires and religions over the centuries. The history of religion is a good one to start with. How has the geography of religion evolved over the centuries, and where has it sparked wars? Our map gives us a brief history of the world's most well-known religions: Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Judaism. Selected periods of inter-religious bloodshed are also highlighted. Want to see 5,000 years of religion in 90 seconds? Ready, Set, Go! Link
9 Puzzle: three-way pistol duel
from Boing Boing by Mark Frauenfelder
You're a cowboy, and get involved in a three way pistol duel with two other cowboys. You are a poor shot, with an accuracy of only 33%. The other two cowboys shoot with accuracies of 50% and 100%, respectively. The rules of the duel are one shot per cowboy per round. The shooting order is from worst shooter to best shooter, so you get to shoot first, the 50% guy goes second, and the 100% guy goes third, then repeat. If a cowboy is shot he's out for good, and his turn is skipped. Where or who should you shoot first?
10 John Milton's On Time
from 3quarksdaily by Robin Varghese
Fly envious Time, till thou run out thy race,
Call on the lazy leaden-stepping hours,
Whose speed is but the heavy Plummets pace;
And glut thy self with what thy womb devours,
Which is no more then what is false and vain,
And meerly mortal dross;
So little is our loss,
So little is thy gain.
Sunday, 16 December 2007
Added on 14 December -- "thanks to Andy and John for pointing out that the text of the article is reproduced in What PC".
Friday, 14 December 2007
Thanks to ComputerWorld
That said I bring you a review by Hamid R Jamali in Volume 4 Number 3 September 2007 of The Information Literacy Cookbook by Jane Secker, Debbi Boden and Gwyneth Price (Eds.). Published by Chandos Publishing, Chandos House, 5 & 6 Steadys Lane, Stanton Harcourt, Oxford, OX29 5RL, UK. 2007, XIV, 162 p.,
Paperback, ISBN 1-84334-225-1 £39.95; Hardback ISBN 1-84334-226-X £57.00.
Jamali writes: A search in the Library of Congress’s catalogue for English books with "information literacy" in the title published between 2000 and 2007 results in more than 90 records. Information literacy has attracted a remarkable amount of attention during the last decade and much has been published by different groups including academics, librarians and information professionals and for various audience groups such as students, academics, information professionals and so on. So is there a need for a new book in this area? The difference between the book The Information Literacy Cookbook edited by Secker, Boden and Price and much of the existing work is that, as the editors stated, it is "written by practitioners for practitioners". All of the editors and authors of this collective work are information professionals and librarians who have the experience of working in different sectors of the library world. Their aim is to ‘create something that would be of day-to-day use by practitioners". Each of the chapters deals with a different information environment from school libraries to further education institutions. Therefore, each chapter could be read on its own meaning that this kind of book is not one that has to be read from cover to cover. The Information Literacy Cookbook does not try to introduce information literacy or to teach end-users how to improve their information literacy skills. The audience is information professionals and practitioners and therefore the readers are expected to have sufficient background knowledge on information literacy (although the editors do provide some background information in the introductory chapter and point the readers to resources for further information).
Copyright © 2007, Hamid R Jamali
Just as soon as I'm well enough to travel I'll try reading this in the British Library.
Thursday, 13 December 2007
A more focused approach to recruitment that ensures total anonymity for candidates and a highly targeted selection process for recruiters, headhuntme.co.uk is unique.
I'm not sure about "unique" but it is certainly unusual, rare and any other synonym for "nearly unique" that you can think of.
One of the biggest issues for executives and professionals in researching the job market is that their current employer will find out too soon. A look around at what might be available is simply that -- it is not necessarily saying "I'm dissatisfied with what I've got" but could well be saying "The more I look at possible openings the more I like where I am". Guaranteed anonymity during the preliminary process is essential and this is what headhuntme.co.uk offers.
The UK Government has published a Public consultation on Delivering Inclusive Websites document (TG102). This document (available in MS Word and PDF formats) states that all government Web sites must comply with the WCAG AA guidelines by December 2008. And failure to comply will result in the withdrawal of the .gov.uk domain. Great, you may think. At last the Government is doing something positive for people with disabilities. I would disagree - I think this is a flawed approach for several reasons.
A well-thought-out argument that makes sense. Please read and comment back to Brian if appropriate.
Thanks to CNet
In Proceedings Information access for the global community: an international seminar on the Universal Decimal Classification Extensions and corrections to the UDC, 29, The Hague.
Full text available as PDF
The evolution of bibliographic classification schemes, from the end of the 19th century to our time, shows a trend of increasing possibilities to combine concepts in a classmark. While the early schemes, like DDC and LCC, were largely enumerative, more and more synthetic devices have appeared with common auxiliaries, facets, and phase relationships. The last editions of UDC and the UDC-derived FATKS project follow this evolution, by introducing more specific phase relationships and more common auxiliaries, like those for general properties and processes. This agrees with Farradane's principle that each concept should have a place of unique definition, instead of being re-notated in each context where it occurs. This evolution appears to be unfinished, as even in most synthetic schemes many concepts have a different notation according to the disciplinary main classes where they occur. To overcome this limitation, main classes should be defined in terms of phenomena rather than disciplines: the Integrative Level Classification (ILC) research project is currently exploring this possibility. Examples with UDC, FATKS, and ILC notations are discussed.
Wednesday, 12 December 2007
I can now walk so much better than I could before I went in to the hospital that I have to be VERY careful not to overdo things. I'm not officially back at work for another four weeks but when "the office" (or one of them) is only a step from the dining room and I can work all day in my nightwear and dressing-gown it's difficult to keep from doing something.
The plan is to work through the incoming mail and posts etc and then catch up with the drafts making them into substantive posts.
I don't think that anyone is overly bothered about much between now and Christmas anyway -- and rest assured that if it's urgent I will tell you about it.
PS: I've just heard that Dawn was taken in to emergency intensive care at 5am this morning following some kind of allergic collapse. No more details available as yet. If you can then prayer would be welcome by this devout Christian and her family, if prayer is not your "thing" then just send lots of good wishes over the air-waves.
Wednesday, 5 December 2007
I had thirty-six hours notice that there is, hopefully, actually going to be a bed available for me in the hospital so it's in at 10am on Wednesday, operated on Thursday morning and get back to something like normality sometime the following Monday. The intervening period will be spent so full of morphine that I'll be on cloud nine!
Anyway -- the bizarre, the interesting and the thought-provoking (I hope).
- Webcam cheddar fetches £1,145 on eBay from VNUNET.COM by Ian Williams
Wedginald, the cheddar cheese watched by millions over the Internet, has been auctioned off for BBC Children in Need.
- Speed penalty point plan attacked - BBC News from Inner Temple Library by Sally “Plans to increase penalty points for speeding motorists could ‘criminalise’ a large section of the UK’s workforce, driving instructors have warned.” Full story
My immediate reaction to this? Unprintable! If you break the law then you deserve the punishment. And if the rats who race over the humps down our tiny street could be caught I'd be more than happy to do worse to them than "criminalise" them.
- Law won't help Darling's data victims
The law is impotent when your data is carelessly lost or discarded by government or companies, discovers Stewart Mitchell of PCPro
I don't understand why the data victims belong to the Chancellor nor do I understand why there is no recompense in law for damage done -- except, I suppose, that the damage hasn't actually happened as yet and could be a long way down the line for some people.
- Friday fun from Science, Engineering & Technology Blog by Anne
Did you know that Intute has a collection of interactive science quizzes? Check them out! They range from fun topics such as dinosaurs and chocolate through to more educational content such as mineralogy and the periodic table. Top quiz scores are posted on the site.
- The importance of art 35,000 years old discovered in the Swabian Jura. Originating some 15,000 years before the cave paintings of Southern France. Aside from the beauty this shows the importance of representational art in human evolution. You can read the article here, and Dave Snowden found it thanks to Thinking Meat.
- The Wednesday Word Wise Roundup from Word Wise by Dan Santow
"Not too long ago – don’t ask why – I was trying to think of what that little indentation between one’s nose and one’s upper lip is called. Not only didn’t I know its name, I had no idea how to even start a search for it (Google “little indentation between one’s nose and one’s upper lip”?). Then I read about the Visual Dictionary Online at Lifehacker and within about six seconds learned it’s called a philtrum (“small cutaneous depression extending from the lower part of the nose to the upper lip”). The Visual Dictionary Online, from Merriam-Webster, is illustration-based and as Lifehacker points out, it can help you “find the name of a whatsit.” It's also a load of fun to surf through."
- Dan continues: "I’ve been ranting and raving for years about the use and misuse of the word “unique,” and a few weeks ago The Wall Street Journal’s online Style & Substance column weighed in (happily, on my side, even if that wasn’t its intention). According to the Journal: “Talent Scouts For Cirque du Soleil Walk a Tightrope: Ms. Giasson’s Tiny Acrobat Just Might Be Too Unique,” said the headline, resurrecting the perennial conundrum of whether there are degrees of uniqueness. The short answer, as we said ominously in May, is “not on our watch.” Because unique uniquely means one of a kind, we should say such things are too rare or too unusual. Then there is the issue of “unique” users aka “unique” visitors, an imprecise but often quoted measurement of the number of individual visitors to Web sites. When we use the term, we should use quotation marks around unique to indicate it’s an industry term that uses unique in a unique way."
- The English do poetry says Morgan Meis at 3 Quarks Daily
Here are two opening lines:
“Give me my scallop-shell of quiet,”
“Lord, the Roman hycinths are blooming in bowls and”
The first is from Walter Raleigh’s The Passionate Man’s Pilgrimage, the second from T.S. Eliot’s A Song for Simeon.
The American play jazz, the French write essays, the Germans compose music -- the English? They do poetry.
- Purge This from Kids Lit Get ready to be a little ticked off. Or a lot, if you are like me. Publishers in the UK are censoring children's books not for sexual content or violence, but for real evil. Brace yourself. Ready? They are protecting your children from (gasp) sharp objects and walking alone - IN BOOKS. Yup. So, no child in Britain will be exposed to the horror of sharp sticks, fire-breathing dragons, perching on ladders, or heating elements glowing red. Well, thank goodness that someone is protecting my children! I mean, silly mother that I am, I might have read them books about dragons, swords, painting the stars on ladders, or any number of things. Now let's understand what the real enemy is here: IMAGINATION! GASP!Wouldn't want those kids to start thinking, dreaming, learning! Just turn the TV back on. They won't see anything bad there. It's the books that are dangerous. You could lose an eye!
- Well that's going to have to wait until I get out of "that tha 'orspital" when I've been "done". I didn't think I was doing too badly -- got the printed ADSET Members' Update finished, PDF and Word versions created and sent; wrote a business newsletter for my colleague Leonora at The Accounting Bureau and all this with only thirty-six hours warning that there was, in fact, a bed booked for me!
Friday, 23 November 2007
Thank you to ResourceShelf for bringing this to my attention -- and sorry I've been hanging on to it for so long!
Thursday, 22 November 2007
However, it's no worse than many others and better than a lot in terms of range of jobs and locations. If you're looking for librarianship or professional information work then I guess you really should be using a specialist website.
Scott H Young provides a useful Study Tip at lifehack.org which starts off by saying that "Life isn’t fair. Why should tests be?" He then goes on to provide detailed information about:
- Testing Bias -- what is it?
- What to Look Out For
Memorization versus understanding
Narrow versus broad
Agreement versus quality
Know the difference
Average versus extreme
Hinting versus tricking
- How to Find a Testing Bias by:
Looking at past tests and course outlines
Talking to past students
Asking your professor (tutor/lecturer)
- Don’t Obsess About Testing Bias, But Don’t Ignore It
The related posts are also useful so do please read them and share with students / learners of whatever age.
Apparently I could be back at very short notice in a week or so but it will be a Wednesday in to prepare for operation on Thursday.
Wednesday, 21 November 2007
Back with you in a week (I hope)
- Dead Sea Scrolls digitisation to be led by King's College London Karl Flinders, ComputerWorld.com
- The Centre for Computing in the Humanities at King's College London is leading a team to digitise the Dead Sea Scrolls (Wikipedia).
- Arts & Letters Daily (17 Nov 2007)
There is only one right way to see historical truth, says an official at a Chinese think tank. "There is a pool of clear water and there's no need to stir up this water"... more
- Children Need a Playground Like THIS to Foster Creativity from LifeDev by glen
OH man… does this take me back. Back to a day where playgrounds consisted of things that could easily injure like weathered wood with giant splinters, ample slides, and hardly ANY of that sterile plastic.
- Restart the clocks of Britain! from Boing Boing by Cory Doctorow
The Stopped Clocks campaign aims to get Britain's public clocks running and on time again. Many handsome old public clocks are visible from the streets of London, but it often seems that these grand old timepieces are dead and rusted, ground to a halt years in the past.
- KABACLIP Contact Lens Case from Cool Tools
This simple little carrier hugs a bottle of contact lens solution, so the two are always together and easy to find at the bottom of your pack
- Animal Farm from Cognitive Edge
Paternalism has always worried me, especially when it is exercised with the power of the state.
You really need to read this to appreciate where Dave Snowden is coming from!!
- Another nail in the coffin of semantic analysis from Cognitive Edge
Nice little test site here ... I tested out a couple of the key blogs I read every day.
- Eight philosophers contributed to this issue of the UNESCO Courier, focusing on the role of philosophy today. Different approaches, varied concerns, but one certainty: philosophy can’t stay in its ivory tower. It provides a weapon against dogma and manipulation. And, to cite one of Jostein Gaarder’s ideas, philosophers have a cosmic responsibility. (More)
- This is where I have to give up for lack of time!
Sunday, 18 November 2007
Thanks, as usual, to Peter Suber for drawing attention to the documents and minutes of an EU meeting on open access. It seems that no general point of access to the files exist, since Peter gives links to each, and I (Tom Wilson at Information Research) have searched the European site without success.However, the point I want to make (and I begin to seem like a rusty record) relates to the so-called 'green' and 'gold' routes to open access. One of the points arising out of the discussions and reported in the minutes is:
Read Tom's post here
There I was, sitting in my office, when I saw something I thought might interest you -- share it! Just press two keys and it's done. OH NO -- that's not the way it should be from now on. I said only yesterday that I would put the interesting stuff into a weekly post called, interestingly enough, "Interesting stuff I've read this week". That means that I do not, definitely DO NOT, simply click on the "share it " button. I copy and paste with proper links and a commentary if required.
- Write a Brilliant Pantomime With Billy & Wolfy from Librarians' Internet Index: New This Week A lighthearted description (with "comments" from William Shakespeare and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart) of "how to write [English] pantomime scripts covering, basic rules, choosing the story, shaping the pantomime, shaping individual scenes, use of music, and writing and producing for children." Also includes an overview of this form of "Christmas entertainment based on a fairy tale," and three scripts. From a pantomime script author.
- The Cult of Non-Judgmentalism: a book review by Rebecca Bynum from Arts & Letters Daily
"I know that I am prejudiced on this matter," Mark Twain wrote, "but I would be ashamed of myself if I were not."
Prejudice has its uses. In Praise of Prejudice: The Necessity of Preconceived Ideas by Theodore Dalrymple (Brief Encounters Press 129 pp. $20.00 US) I'm not sure that I'd ever read the whole book -- probably a bit "heavy" for me -- but the review really made me think hard about where society is going, and has gone.
- Re-reading Albert Hirschman from Dani Rodrik's weblog by Dani Rodrik
Dani tells us that he has been "spending some time with the great man's writings" in preparation for a lecture in his honour. I had to go and look up this "great man" in Wikipedia to discover that he's a German-born American economist who is now 92 years old.
Post-lecture UPDATE here
- 101 gadgets that changed the world from Popgadget via CrunchGear
Did you know that Velcro was invented by Swiss inventor George de Mestral after he became disgusted with removing cocklebur seeds from his jacket and decided to investigate the reason for its stickiness? Or that the first digital camera was invented way back in 1965 by Kodak engineer Steve Sasson and it resembled a toaster?
- Remembrance in Second Life from Intute Blog by Alun Edwards who attended at the Cenotaph on Second Life, built by the Royal British Legion on that virtual world.
- Mondegreen from Coffee Klatch by pfitz
According to Wikipedia, “a mondegreen is the mishearing (usually accidental) of a phrase as a homophone or near-homophone in such a way that it acquires a new meaning.”
- Sunday Poem from 3quarksdaily by Abbas Raza Via NoUtopia
Social Security by Terrence Winch
This made me weep it's so beautiful and so sad.
- Emergency Times from Intute Social Sciences Politics Gateway
A well known independent blog created by students and political activists to provide grassroots coverage of the state of emergency and political crisis in Pakistan in 2007. It includes blog postings, photographic images and video clips of student protests against the military rule of General Musharraf and discussion of the position of Benazir Bhutto. It also seeks to reveal human rights abuses and the suppression of the press from the perspective of local citizens.
- Video: "Lawn Mower" Dinosaur Debuts from National Geographic
Lawn mower to the ferns of Africa, the 500-toothed Nigersaurus was unlike any other. A reconstruction is on display at National Geographic in Washington.
- More notes from the Konstanz conference from Information Literacy by Sheila Webber
This is another post about the Konstanz (Germany) Workshop on Information Literacy (KWIL), which ran 8-9 November. KWIL was focusing in particular on information literacy for higher degree students (Masters or Doctoral) and the website is at http://www.ub.uni-konstanz.de/bibliothek/projekte/informationskompetenz/kwil.html
Friday, 16 November 2007
I need to work out how to make the URL in the blog headline into a proper link but at least the information is there now.
While we're here why not go and visit Tracy's demo website where she shows you that a business website does not have to be all-singing, all-dancing nor does it have to cost oodles of money (£250 well spent would be my judgement).
Wednesday, 14 November 2007
How useful IS a chocolate teapot? This paper explains all.....
Tuesday, 13 November 2007
For my non-UK readers the A14 road crosses from the East coast of England (the port of Felixstowe) to the main motorways going North through the Midlands (the M1 and M6). It's a dual carriageway with only two lanes on either side, is quite hilly (for us) and is always busy with a lot of heavy lorries (trucks) and accidents are frequent!
Friday, 9 November 2007
I am, at long last, trying to clear out my "starred" items and find that a number of them are things that I want to share rather than just look at in more depth for myself.
"Never make promises that you can't keep -- or even think that there's a chance you may not be able to keep." My mother was fond of chastising me with that saying when, as a small child, I would say "But Mum, I promise ...". She was right -- as mothers tend to be so I'll simply promise that I will try to bring you a selection of "the non-work stuff that I've enjoyed this week" every week.
Some of you will. of course, be aware that I've cheated from time to time and simply clicked the "share" button rather than putting the link into a "proper" post. No more laziness -- shared items will, from now on, be for those work-related things that require no comment from me. OK?
To start as I mean to go some posts from Arts and Letters Daily
Jorge Luis Borges knew the risks of perfect memory. He wrote of a man paralyzed by it. Google's memory is perfect... more
The brain is the final pathway of all action. You can’t do much without a brain, which is why decapitation tends to lower IQ... [Well, it would, wouldn't it?] more
Mesopotamian scribes began 5,000 years ago to catalogue their clay tablets with a reference system. So Google gets this idea... more
With utter lack of self-awareness, but also great clarity, V.S. Naipaul shows us a world with its prejudices... more
Cissy Pascal was sexy, witty, and confident: all the young Raymond Chandler could want in an older woman... more To argue against rock 'n' roll is now as quaint as arguing for the divine right of kings. But 20 years ago, when Allan Bloom first railed against it... more
Sunday, 4 November 2007
I've got a date for a pre-surgical assessment prior to having Aorto Bifemoral Surgery (that's a bypass of the lower aorta). It's 12 November so I expect to be in for the op within three weeks. It's a seven-day stay and the first three days I'll be flat on my back but should be back to blogging as soon as I get home.
No, please don't make any comments about optimism -- I had something similar (not quite as drastic) done a couple of years ago and was back at the computer within two hours of getting home!
I do know, however, that I'm going to get very tired very quickly so you can probably count on lots of shared items and not much comment. (I didn't hear someone say "nothing new then", did I?)
I have also prepared myself for the severe depression that hit me last time -- forewarned is forearmed so my mother used to tell me -- my friendly medic will have to up the dosage!
Friday, 2 November 2007
Today’s Guardian reports that family historians (both professional and amateur) have raised concerns over the lack access being given to paper-based archives. The report says, “There will never again be public access to the paper records”.
This report raises a problem for family historians but a lack of paper records is not only creating difficulties for this group of people. Have you ever tried to get hold of a government leaflet on ... [fill in your chosen subject here] only to discover that "it's online at ...". You want it to give to a client (customer, friend or whomever) and it would be good to be able to do this as part of a "pack" of information which the other person can take away and study at his/her leisure. Oops, printer gone down, PDF doesn't print, it's so colourful that I can't afford to do it etc etc. Ridiculous!
And if I want to look at how the same leaflet has changed over time and need to rely on someone printing out the new "online only" information and preserving it in the right sequence.
Sunday, 28 October 2007
The purpose of this paper is to aim to educate the Internet consumer, who may be a potential phishing victim, and to suggest a framework of anti-phishing measures, following the staggering increase in the number of recent phishing attacks. Phishing describes a method of online identity theft, in which phishers typically pose as legitimate organisations when sending deceptive e-mail messages to internet users. When they respond to such e-mails, victims are lured to malicious web sites, where they are duped into disclosing their personal details. In this way, phishers are able to commit identity theft, with possibly devastating consequences for the victim.
After a literature review of the available sources, the phishing threat is investigated by analysing the modus operandi of phishers and the basic components of a typical phishing scheme. A possible solution for the phishing problem is examined.
Phishers continually target the weakest link in the security chain, namely consumers, in their attacks. Educating the online consumer about phishing, as well as the implementation and proper application of anti-phishing measures, are critical steps in protecting the identities of online consumers against e-mail phishing attacks.
This article proposes measures that Internet consumers can take to ward off phishing attacks, as well as remedial actions that they can take after falling victim to such an attack. By implementing these measures online, consumers can minimise the risk of becoming victims of successful phishing attacks, as well as remedy the negative effects of any past disclosure of
Article Type: Literature review
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Thursday, 25 October 2007
The proposal to introduce a Higher Education Achievement Report (HEAR), and possibly phase out degree classifications would make assessing graduate candidates more difficult, according to Deloitte, the UK's largest private sector graduate employer.
I am fed up, sick to the back teeth, any other phrase that you can think of (including unprintable, unrepeatable-in-polite-company ones) with this government mucking about with qualifications. The more things change the less easy it is for employers, as the spokeperson from Deloitte makes clear, to differentiate between different candidates.
Sunday, 21 October 2007
Monday, 15 October 2007
I started to think "wonderful", "great" and other such congratulatory words when I realised that I was so far behind on the reading of other people's blogs that I hadn't been putting anything into the drafts folder! And I don't normally write, as do many others, on original themes.
Wednesday, 10 October 2007
Free Software is a unique social innovation that promotes an empowered, sustainable and inclusive information society through its freedoms of use, studying, modification and redistribution. Popular Free Software applications include the Firefox web browser, the Wordpress blog engine and the Juice podcast receiver. Free Software Foundation Europe and M6-IT would like to invite you to a one-day event at The Hub in London on the 2nd of November. The event will help people learn more about Free Software and provide opportunities for hands-on experience with the technology. It's organised as part of the work in the STACS project.
Spaces are limited and people with little or no experience of Free Software and those who can help spread awareness of Free Software in their field or geographical area will be prioritised. A contribution towards travel and accommodation expenses may be available.
Applications for places must be received by 19 October, and the selected attendees will be contacted by the 22nd of October.
More information: http://www.fsfeurope.org/projects/stacs/london.en.html
Via Demos Greenhouse 4 October
Brickbat -- I've still got over 1,000 posts in my reader to get through and will probably find more that I should have put into drafts on the way.
And, of course, when the pressure is on the inclination is to skip over things that I would have picked up when more relaxed!
The People Bulletin from AP Information Services
The People Bulletin from AP Information Services
A lot of what I pick up I keep in my "personal interest" file (e.g. lists of art galleries and cultural heritage sites) and don't blog about. Much of the content is, as I think I've said before but probably not in this blog, is very US-centric and on issues such as copyright and privacy the law is so different that it's not of interest to readers in the UK. But, and that should be a BIG BOLD BUT, the Privacy Library originated in the US and is definitely not US-centric.
This apparently went live in May, but we just spotted it.
"Morrison & Foerster is pleased to announce the launch of its Privacy Library. This free resource provides links to privacy laws, regulations, reports, multilateral agreements, and government authorities for more than 90 countries around the world. The website provides companies with an essential tool to help them navigate the privacy labyrinth."
Source: Morrison & Foerster LLP (a global law partnership)
I would like to route you directly into the UK page but you must sign the disclaimer notice before you can access the information. Start here
Note: on my ADSL connection it was a bit slow to load but it's worth the wait!
Saturday, 6 October 2007
Since 2003/04 [academic year August-July], the LSC has run an annual cycle of business which seamlessly rolls from one academic year to the next. The cycle synchronises our policy development, planning, procuring and challenging performance process to ensure we are all pulling in the same direction and working together to strengthen our impact at the front line. Challenging performance will be an ongoing process throughout the year with formal reviews held during the spring and autumn.
View the Business Cycle Model or Download the Business Cycle Word document
For enquiries about the business cycle please contact:
Dean Williams on 024 7682 3342
Rebecca Loveday on 024 7682 3450
Posted by Red (Red Ferret Journal) in freeware
Friday, 5 October 2007
"Jaw-dropping" is the right phrase -- please keep your AV program(s) up to date (I have three different ones on my home computer since the free ones are slightly less robust than a paid-for one).
I would personally recommend the commercial version of AVG and can put you in touch with a third-party reseller in Northampton if you would like this. (Connection is that I am a continuing satisfied customer of Solve-IT Computer Solutions.)
Tuesday, 2 October 2007
Teachers, school administrators, and parents looking for ideas on how to discuss school violence with kids, as well as students researching this important social issue will all find lots to read and think about here.
Stop Bullying Now
No one likes a bully. If you’d like to launch programming on stopping this menace then this website is a “must see”. The 12 animated cartoon webisodes cover various instances of bullying and how kids can correctly respond to each. The programs can be downloaded as podcasts. Kids can also download the Stop Bullying Now song as a ringtone on their mobile phone and play twelve cool online games. Created by: The Health Resources and Services Administration, Washington DC Teachers and home-schooling parents see also Education World.
Saturday, 29 September 2007
Sunday, 23 September 2007
Menu approach includes items in different places. Choose from any of the following.
- Arts & Entertainment
- Careers & Work
- Culture & Society
- Fashion, Style & Personal Care
- Food & Drink
- Hobbies, Games & Toys
- Holidays & Celebrations
- Home & Garden
- Parties & Entertaining
- Personal Finance
- Relationships & Family
- Sports & Fitness
Do not blame me for your wasted time!!
I have no idea why I kept this in draft for so long but ...
This has been posted about to death, but being late to the game, I figure better late than never. So, if you haven't seen the Wikis in Plain English video yet, go do so. It's from Common Craft, the same people who did RSS in Plain English, which I just used today in a library staff class about Library 2.0. Whoopee!
help job seekers determine what it would feel like to work for the employer, whether they would fit in and what the people and atmosphere are like. Viewers can picture themselves in the job, mixing with colleagues and working in that environment. With an increasing number of employers using new technology including search engines to vet candidates, employer videos will add a new dimension for job seekers who want to research their employer of choice.
The University of Warwick is leading the way as the first employer to use the new service, which features staff from across the University describing working life there. The video provides information on working at the University including staff and students, its location, leisure and cultural attractions. jobs.ac.uk already has videos for other universities in production including Nottingham University and Keele University.
My opinion: a user-friendly site, easy to navigate, accessible and a wide range of jobs from the higher education arena. But I couldn't find the videos on University of Warwick jobs!
Information about this "gadget" first appeared in July but it's taken me a bit while to find a link to the product rather than a review of it. I read about it originally on Engadget but I didn't want to expose you to the comments. Yes, I know you're a discerning audience etc etc but I don't want to provide links to things which really aren't "politically correct" in my opinion such as querying why blind people would want a PDA in the first place. That comment received a robust rebuttal from a blind person who said: "I suppose you think I shouldn't be using the web either?" but there were other comments that were "vocabulary challenged". (If you can't find any better words to use than obscenities then you shouldn't be writing on the web -- again my opinion!)
It isn't cheap at $1,895 but it looks really good and would replace a large number of other gadgets thereby saving space and wight whilst moving around.
Tuesday, 18 September 2007
I find it interesting that we will all endure a less than perfect technical experience if it leads to appropriate information.
I've reversed my decision about shared items in the case of NFP JOBS since there is no blog to share with you.
Please access the latest newsletter from Michael Webb, NFP JOBS editor. Subscription (which is free) is at http://nfpjobs.netxtra.net/subscribe/index.jsp
Monday, 17 September 2007
It wasn't that which caught my eye, however. It was the use of the phrase "Echo Boomers". So I emailed Dawn and said:
OK so I understand "baby boomers" (although as defined I'm a couple of years too old to be one) but "echo boomers" have no resonance in my brain!!
Dawn to me a week later:
It’s a new one on me too, Boss. According to World Wide Words Echo Boomers are children born between the late 1970s and early 1990s. They’re mostly the children of baby boomers – hence the name – and have been stereotyped as “ethnically diverse children of the computer age”. They are “the first generation to claim the computer as birthright”. You live and learn.Me to all readers:
If children of Baby Boomers (born 1946 to 1956) had children in the 1980s (plus a few years either side) then there's something a bit weird in the population statistics but so be it. At least we now what the phrase means (I think).
Sunday, 16 September 2007
Thursday, 6 September 2007
If you're reading this through a feed reader (most people do) then I suggest that you sign up to the feed for the shared items as well since this contains items that I don't feel moved to write about or comment on such as:
- Sheldon Comic -- but only when something really grabs me
- 3QuarksDaily which is a real "thinker" of a blog with an extremely eclectic list of topics
- OnRec providing information about recruitment / vacancy sites. Many of these I personally find a bit "hypey" but if you're in job finding agencies then you could find them useful so I'll continue to share as appropriate.
- Storm warnings -- as in malware and other immediacy things which are not going to wait until I get around to making a comment (and besides which if CNet or Heise Security News says it's so then I have no need to comment).
Sunday, 2 September 2007
Easy-peasy-sleazy: a new piece of PHP code making the malware rounds can install
a phishing site on a compromised server in about two minutes.
Read the full story at Computer World
Monday, 27 August 2007
Back to the drawing board with the ACEG Conference -- or, more particularly, about the people and resources that I thought were interesting and/or useful which were not part of the Conference programme. These items are not in any hierarchical order -- just as the reminder piece of paper, catalogue or CD comes "out of the box".
It's a small world, isn't it? I was talking about blogging, this writing of posts to a weblog, and about the general interest starting to be shown in reading blogs when I was asked about getting training in setting it up, mentioned a name (Phil Bradley) and got "oh, we know him".
At first glance £7.99 seems like a lot of money for a 60-page A5 book (booklet?) but when you open it you realise, quite quickly, that Alison Dixon and Hilary Nickell have produced an extremely useful notebook which can be used, as a stand-alone career planning and preparation tool, by any motivated person. I tried to find a review of it on the web but failed miserably -- and the only third-party reseller that mentions it is Trotman and that is only on the Master Excel file (looks as though it's Trotman's internal document designed to produce an order form). I'm certainly not the right person to try to review it so I'll prompt Hilary to get it to a number of places so that someone else can do it.
Personal Development Curriculum provides "complete curriculum materials for careers, citizenship, enterprise, PSHE and work-related learning". Since I've never been a teacher and never worked in a school or college I will not attempt to evaluate the resources but the people at the exhibition stand were very friendly. You can access all the information you need at the link above and all resources are available on a 14-day trial. If PDC Education is not a name you recognise then perhaps you will know these people better as Gapwork Limited (name no longer shown at Companies House but the website, or at least Google's cache of it, is very easy to find).
Better Practice: a guide to delivering effective career learning 11-19 provides "practical help on leading, managing and delivering effective careers education". The document is available at http://www.cegnet.co.uk/ and http://www.aceg.org.uk/
The Specialist Schools and Academies Trust provides an "Equal Opportunities Interactive Resource" which shows the benefits and challenges of pursing a different career oath to the norm. "It confronts the fears and aspirations of young people who wish to enter the sectors of: construction, early years, engineering, health, manufacturing, and social care".
"This dynamic new DVD has been sent to schools, additional free copies are available from the eshop."
I guess that I had better not let this post go without mentioning organisations that you must, surely, already know about such as:
- HERO: helping your students track down the facts on higher education http://www.hero.ac.uk/
- Aimhigher information was provided by the local, West Midlands, Aimhigher organisation and leaflets provided pointed to West Midlands resources. I do know that these vary from region to region but you are probably in touch with your local representative for programmes such as "Learning Pathways" and "Get Up and Go". Nice bags available!
- Careers Europe is the UK National Resource Centre for International Careers Information. It provides resources to Careers services, Connexions services and other information and advisory services throughout the UK. You can access information about the organisation's role as a Business Language Champion here and about the Gap Year Resource Pack here.
- skillset: the Sector Skills Council for the audio visual industries has what is, in my opinion, one of the best sectoral-based careers information centres -- it was certainly the first of the newly-formed Sector Skills Councils to take up the challenge of providing careers information < www.skillset.org/careers >.
- Prospects Education Resources had their usual informative stand with a wide range of resources on display -- and reminders that e-Learning Credits can, and indeed probably should, be used to purchase a wide range of multimedia resources including CEG and PSHE software such as the Real game (£350 for a 3-year site licence) and FastTomato (£365 for a 1-year site licence).
- Trotman were also providing lots of resources to look at but I failed to pick up their catalogue and after the long interval I can't remember whether any particular resource was being promoted over others.
Friday, 10 August 2007
Except that there is since I remember that I stopped having researched information about "Dialogical" and "Career Identities" and there's still three Keynotes to go.
Keynote 4: Careers education in the new curriculum Gary Forrest, QCA
Not really my scene at all and I hesitate to comment on something that I don't really understand.
Keynote 5: Influencing school and college senior managers John Dunford, ASCL (which is, I think, the Association of School and College Leaders)
This session may have presented new information and issues to the delegates but I found that it was, for me, a fairly standard session on influencing techniques with regard to ensuring that careers education and guidance rises higher up the agenda in educational establishments. A "good idea" that has been pursued for some years with some improvement in the position (but by no means enough for some [many?] people).
Keynote 6: Assessing the impact of careers work Deirdre Hughes, CeGS (Centre for Guidance Studies)
Ah, now we're on to something. If guidance practitioners are to influence school and college leaders, if the place of careers education in the curriculum is to be assured, if UK PLC is to ultimately have the workforce that it needs then the impact of the work that is currently taking place has to be assessed. Deirdre emphasised that the "of course it does" answer to "does careers education and guidance make a difference?" must be backed up by evidence; clear evidence that is used by practitioners to make the point. Practitioners must assess and understand more fully the changes that have taken place in education, in learning and in lifestyle. She said that the aim of her talk was to set out four points.
- Create a national shared vision
- Agree common language
- Inspire people to manage their lives, learning and work effectively
- Generate evidence on impact
You'll get part 3 of the saga (what went on outside the main conference -- no, not that sort of "going on") tomorrow and then it's back to the usual miscellany of information.
Thursday, 9 August 2007
Monday 30 July: Apart from racing round like an idiot following phone call from the hospital as reported in my last post finding someone to take me in, collect me afterwards (Mr E does not drive) I managed to:
- sort the mail (the snail variety);
- set up a means for both ADSET and The Accounting Bureau (I was supposedly "minding the shop" for a colleague while she was on holiday) at least had their phones answered;
- deal with URGENT email; and
- mark up press releases, newspaper reports and other sundry items for Dawn to deal with to get them into the July Members' Update.
Wednesday 1 August: Newspapers seem to be full of "don't get ill today" because it is the day that all the new junior doctors start. My arm still knows about the oh-so-young woman who tried to find a vein!! To theatre at 3pm back at 4:20 and had to lie still, on my back, for four hours. Fortunately for me, if not for the three others in the small ward, I slept for most of it (and, apparently, snored VERY loudly).
Thursday 2 August: Home for lunch feeling a bit wobbly but otherwise OK.
Friday / Saturday / Sunday: Compile Members' Update from the files sent by Dawn and those I've gathered for myself. This task usually takes me two days however, with appropriate breaks, I still hadn't finished by Monday morning. This could, of course, have been something to do with the fact that two desks needed to be re-assembled which took Mr E rather longer than he said (it's a man) and I was required to drive him there and back!
Monday: A whole week gone by; Update not finished to go to the proof-reader and I have to go to the new office (which is much nicer than the old one) because this is the first time that Leonora (her of The Accounting Bureau) has seen it. Got lots of work done BUT we didn't finish until well after 7pm.
Tuesday: Persuaded a friend to drive at-long-last-finished Update to the proof-reader as I travelled to London to care for house and cats for my daughter.
Wednesday: Morning working through my Google Reader (more than 3,000 to at least glance at and mark the actions -- star to go back and read, email to myself if it's for the next Update or for the business news I do for Leonora, share with this blog (through shared items) those things that I don't want to comment on but do want you to see, copy link to here for those things I want to comment on in some way (save a draft and then write up properly later in the day -- which day? -- track record on this is not good).
Afternoon at the DWP library at the Adelphi -- it's great being there as it's the last bastion of information about former colleagues in what became the DfES and then disappeared. I did also do a lot of serious reading.
Thursday: That's today and I'm sitting in my daughter's house in London writing this and then I'm going to spend the rest of the day at the British Library before setting off for home on the 10pm train. There's little chance that I'll finish the ACEG Conference feedback before tomorrow afternoon -- and I am determined to do that before tackling any of the "saved as draft" links I've got.
Sunday, 29 July 2007
I thought that I could cheat a bit (no, a lot if possible) by linking to ACEG's website -- where I hoped to find at least the plenary session slides loaded if not more. No such luck -- al the conference page has is a photograph of the organiser, Sylvia Thompson, and a note to say that the Conference report will be in the October edition of the Association's journal. Back to the slog of having to think!
As an exhibitor I could attend the Keynote sessions, of which there were five, and, of course, the exhibition itself.
- Keynote 1: A local model for collaborative working on 14-19 provision Steve Stewart, CEO of Connexions Coventry and Warwickshire
This session was primarily of interest to organisations looking to work in partnership or improve present collaborative working arrangements (which is not me). The style of presentation was good and included many anecdotes and examples from the sometimes complex situation in Coventry and Warwickshire.
- Keynote 2: Policy and Progress in 14-19 Reform Elaine Hendry who until 28 June was with the DfES
I didn't get to hear much of this but hearing comments from delegates afterwards I gathered that the presentation didn't include a great deal that was new but did consolidate current thinking. Unfortunate that the speaker is likely to be moving on to pastures new.
- Keynote 3: Career identity and the dialogical learning process Frans Meijers
At this point I have to admit to a modicum of oversleeping -- I missed most of this talk which was, I am told, extremely interesting. This being so I thought I'd better do some invetigating. In 1998, in the International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling (Volume 20 Noumber 3), I found a paper on "The development of a career identity" by one Frans Meijers at the University of Leiden.
Abstract: In modern society individuals are becoming responsible for their ownNext I found a 2002 paper "Career Policy for the Contemporary World: Dictat or Stimulant?" -- Frans Meijers is by now an "Education and Career-Learning Consultant" in the Netherlands writing for the Career-Learning Network.You can read the whole article here. [PDF 13pp with some really good references]
work allocation. In order to overcome an increasing social and work-related
insecurity, they not only have to acquire specific career skills but also a
so-called "career identity". A career identity is a structure of meanings in
which the individual links his own motiviation, interests and competencies with
acceptable career roles. In the article the concept of meaning is explored and
further elaborated as a social learning process. The article concludes with
some remarks about the need for a strong learning environment.
So, that covers identity and establishes Frans Meijers in context but what is "dialogical"? Apparently it is to do with dialogue so that the presentation that I missed was about identity and helps pupils to establish a career identity through talking about it in a learning context.
At this point, folks, I have to go again. I have been summoned to attend at the local hospital for a minor operation (two nights inside maximum) at very short notice (like can you come in tomorrow?) and need to sort out lots of things. I will, I really will, get this finished before moving on to anything new for you.
What have I been up to? Moving the office, that's what. Not only that but, after 16 years of the same telephone number, ADSET has a new phone number which is effective from 1 August. Some readers will know that I've been sharing office space with Leonora Clarke of The Accounting Bureau (UK) Ltd. Some 18 months ago Leonora moved, with new partner (domestic), to Hemel Hempstead and has realised that leaving the general administration of her business in Kettering was "not a good idea". She's now going to be sharing my much smaller space in The Business Exchange although I will still retain my home office as well. Reason for phone number change? The Business Exchange is a Grade II listed building and no new telephone lines can be put in -- tenants have to use the internal telephone system.
New number 01536 526424 (mobile is still 0779 627 3792)
Postal address will remain as Britannia House for a while.
Friday, 20 July 2007
The break from writing wasn't intentional, honest. I am finding that it is very easy to read through the 200+ (actually nearer 300) feeds in my reader and:
- note those that I want to write about by copying the link to a new post and saving as a draft (which you don't get to see) either here or in the Business Information Blog;
- click the appropriate button if I want to share something I've read without writing about it -- this takes a second and requires little effort on my part (lazy cow that I am);
- email the link to
- Dawn (Taylor) for inclusion in Members' Update,
- my husband Martin who does all the IT maintenance work around here (just so he doesn't miss out on anything to do with data security although he has quite a lot of technical "stuff" in his own reader), or, maybe,
- friends so that I share a particularly relevant "funny", book review or gadget; or
- myself so that I can add something to my "how to" file; or
- read and discard -- further action not required.
So, I've got things that are appropriate for writing about, either in draft from my reader or because I've been to an event and need to tell you about it, and the list is getting longer not shorter. A kick up the pants is what my mother would tell me was needed but since she is now long gone I have to try to kick myself -- or rather, in the language of today, provide self-motivation! Any ideas on how to do that would be good!
Friday, 13 July 2007
London voices, London lives by Peter Hall, asks what kind of a place London is in the early 21st century, and how does it differs significantly - economically, socially, culturally, in quality of life - from other parts of urban Britain? In this book, Londoners provide their own answers to these questions in their own voices.
In Coming to care, Julia Brannen, June Statham, Ann Mooney and Michaela Brockmann provide fascinating insights into the factors that influence why people enter and leave care work, their motivations, understandings and experiences of their work and intersection of it with their family lives.
Offenders in focus, by Kathryn Farrow, Gill Kelly and Bernadette Wilkinson, draws on research and integrates this with practitioner experience, creating fresh, research-based "practice wisdom" for engaging effectively with offenders.
Securing an urban renaissance, edited by Rowland Atkinson and Gesa Helms, provides focused discussions from a range of scholars who examine policy connections that can be traced between social, urban and crime policy and the wider processes of regeneration in British towns and cities.
Social Policy Review 19, edited by Karen Clarke, Tony Maltby and Patricia Kennett, provides students, academics and all those interested in welfare issues with critical analyses of progress and change in areas of major interest during the past year.
Care, community and citizenship, edited by Susan Balloch and Michael Hill, focuses on the relationship between social care, community and citizenship, linking them in a way relevant to both policy and practice.
The future for older workers, edited by Wendy Loretto, Sarah Vickerstaff and Philip J White, deals directly and exclusively with the issue of older workers, bringing together up-to-the minute research findings by many of the leading researchers and writers in the field.
Disadvantaged by where you live?, edited by Ian Smith, Eileen Lepine and Marilyn Taylor, offers a major contribution to academic debates on the neighbourhood both as a sphere of governance and as a point of public service delivery under New Labour since 1997.
Links are to the publisher's catalogue which has pricing details, ISBN, and full description together with links to the online shop for purchase if required.
Thursday, 12 July 2007
Resistance to certain scientific ideas derives in large part from assumptions and biases that can be demonstrated experimentally in young children and that may persist into adulthood. In particular, both adults and children resist acquiring scientific information that clashes with common-sense intuitions about the physical and psychological domains. Additionally, when learning information from other people, both adults and children are sensitive to the trustworthiness of the source of that information. Resistance to science, then, is particularly exaggerated in societies where nonscientific ideologies have the advantages of being both grounded in common sense and transmitted by trustworthy sources.
Read the Full Text of this article by Paul Bloom and Deena Skolnick Weisberg (Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT) with grateful thanks to The Edge which is one of my favourite reads (by which I mean not necessarily having any direct relevance to work, business management, careers information or self development).
How about something more scientific? Ergonomics is a science and, in my opinion, an art but let me go and "Google Define" the word and see what I get. OK -- that gave me far more information than I needed so I'll just choose a few examples:
- The applied science of equipment design intended to maximize productivity by reducing operator fatigue and discomfort. Link
- The science of designing the job to fit the worker, rather than physically forcing the worker’s body to fit the job. Link
- Ergonomics is sometimes used synonymously with human factors and is probably the title of choice in Europe. One sub-domain of human factors (sometimes referred to as ergonomics) deals more with the physical attributes of human and less with the cognitive attributes. An ergonomist typically has extensive knowledge of human performance, biomechanics, and anthropometrics. Link
- Ergonomics (from Greek ergon work and nomoi natural laws) is the study of optimizing the interface between human beings, and the designed objects and environments they interact with. Link
However, I'm concerned today with you -- and that less than well-designed office that you are sitting in.
Which brings me back to where I started -- with a video about office ergonomics. I've been wondering what to do about this video I found a while back from the Kearney-Abrams Learning Library. Speaking personally I found the style a bit boring and skipped several of the frames BUT the message is good even if the medium of presentation is ....
and it's FREE
Monday, 9 July 2007
Step into the NHS has been designed specifically to engage with 14-19-year-olds, stimulating them to think about ways in which their talents and skills can have a positive impact on the future of the NHS. Young people are given a real insight into what goes on inside the NHS with case studies and short films from real staff, including Wildlife, which follows a young healthcare scientist through the hospital where she works and Ramp, a view of A&E through an injured skateboarder's eyes. There is also an interactive career mapper that will take users to the five careers that suit their interests and an opportunity to receive ongoing, personalised communication from the NHS Careers Team that will support them in their future decision making.