Wednesday, 12 December 2018

Out of the Closet with OCD

a post by John DiPrete for the World of Psychology blog



I came out of the closet about my OCD shortly after the release of the film, As Good As It Gets, starring Jack Nicholson in 1997. I figured if a cool (but mean) character played by Nicholson could be afflicted, why not a nice guy like me? I hasten to admit that I don’t usually confess my predicament to just anyone; on the other hand, it’s nothing to be ashamed of. It’s pure hell, of course, but it’s nothing to hide.

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Immigrants and poverty, and conditionality of immigrants’ social rights

an article by Beatrice Eugster (University of Bern, Switzerland) published in Journal of European Social Policy Volume 28 Issue 5 (December 2018)

Abstract

It is not only immigration and the incorporation of immigrants into society that serve as challenges for post-industrialised countries, but also rising inequality and poverty.

This article focuses on both issues and proposes a new theoretical perspective on the determinants of immigrant poverty.

Building on comparative welfare state research and international migration literature, I argue that immigrants’ social rights – here understood as their access to paid employment and welfare benefits – condition the impact which both the labour market and welfare system have on immigrants’ poverty. The empirical analysis is based on a newly collected dataset on immigrants’ social rights in 19 advanced industrialised countries.

The findings confirm the hypotheses: more regulated minimum wage setting institutions and generous traditional family programmes reduce immigrants’ poverty more strongly in countries where they are granted easier access to paid employment and social benefits.


How conflict disrupts the economy: New evidence from the West Bank and Gaza

a column by Francesco Amodio and Michele Di Maio for VIX: CEPR’s Policy Portal

The economic impact of conflict can be catastrophic, but disentangling and identifying the different ways in which conflict affects the economy is challenging.

Using data from the Occupied Palestinian Territory during the Second Intifada, this column examines the specific mechanisms through which economic losses materialise in a conflict zone with low-intensity violence.

The findings highlight the close interaction between security and trade issues, calling for an integrated policy approach acting on both fronts.

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How I Healed from an Eating Disorder and Stopped Hating Myself and My Body

a post by Roni Davis for the Tiny Buddha blog
Please remember that this is one person’s story. Her road may not be the one you can follow.



I remember looking at the nutrition information on the bag of jujubes I had just eaten and feeling utterly and completely disgusted with myself.

That was my first binge. Little did I know how much worse it would get.

It was four days in to the first official diet that I had somehow managed to stay on for more than one day.

I had dieted on and off most of my life, but any time I tried a diet that told me what I was and wasn’t allowed to eat (Atkins was the first of many), I never managed to last longer than a day or two before I’d “blow it” and give up.

Prior to the day of my first binge, I had actually lost a lot of weight on my own, simply by counting calories, but I hired a trainer because, while I reached my goal weight on my own, I still hated my body and wasn’t happy.

So, I did the only thing I knew to do at the time—pay someone else to tell me what to eat so I could have a perfect body and finally be happy.

Ha.

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Tuesday, 11 December 2018

You are needed but not your skills: Challenges to manufacturing workers in the wake of globalisation

a column by Hâle Utar for VOX: CEPR’s Policy Portal

The impact of trade shocks on labour market shifts is usually studied in the context of re-training and social welfare frictions.

Using evidence from Denmark, this column shows how workers can experience long-run reductions in earnings no matter how easy it is to change sector. A sudden and obligatory shift toward a new sector may, by its nature, generate some worker dissatisfaction.

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Why paying tax can be good news for companies

a post by Colin Mayer for the OUP blog


Building Glass Architecture by Mikes Photos. CC0 via Pixabay

For the past 35 years, Ipsos MORI, the UK market research company, has undertaken a survey of which professions in Britain people trust. Each year, they ask 1,000 people whether they trust people in different professions to tell the truth.

Every year, close to the bottom come business leaders, just above estate agents, professional footballers, journalists, and politicians, below trade union leaders and “the man in the street”, and usually even below bankers.

Mistrust in business is pervasive, persistent and profound.

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Young working-class men do not read: or do they? Challenging the dominant discourse of reading

an article by Stig-Börje Asplund and Héctor Pérez Prieto (Karlstad University, Sweden) published in Gender and Education Volume 30 Issue 8 (2018)

Abstract

In the majority of the research on boys’ and young men’s relation to reading, it is argued that boys and young men read too little, read poorly and in all the wrong ways. However, few studies focus on how boys and young men read the texts they do encounter.

In particular, there is a lack of research on young men of working-class background, whose relationship to reading is stressed as particularly problematic in many studies.

In this article, we approach the reader histories of three young working-class men from a life story perspective, on the basis of a broad definition of text and reading, to capture how reading and texts are used in their identity construction. Our analysis shows that the young men engage in reading in different ways, from listening to audio books and reading aloud to watching films.

We argue that our approach makes it possible to re-envision working-class men as readers who, among other things, use reading to construct softer masculinities, thus challenging the dominant narrative of working-class masculinity and working-class men’s relationship to reading and texts.