There have been sharply contrasting scenarios of the long-term pattern of change in the quality of work and employment in the advanced societies.
Three broad perspectives have dominated enquiry in the last three decades:
- an optimistic tradition emphasizing progressive improvement in skills and the quality of work;
- a pessimistic tradition underlining emerging threats to employment and job quality; and, lastly,
- an institutional tradition pointing to long-term structural differences between societies.
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