Friday, 26 October 2012

Multiple Glass Ceilings

an article by Giovanni Russo (CEDEFOP, Bonn, Germany) and Wolter Hassink (Utrecht University, the Netherlands and IZA, Bonn, Germany) published in Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society Volume 51 Issue 4 (October 2012)


Both vertical (between job levels) and horizontal (within job levels) mobility can be sources of wage growth.

We find that the glass ceiling operates at both margins.

The unexplained part of the wage gap grows across job levels (glass ceiling at the vertical margin) and across the deciles of the intra-job-level wage distribution (glass ceiling at the horizontal margin).

This implies that women face many glass ceilings, one for each job level above the second, and that the glass ceiling is a pervasive phenomenon.

In the Netherlands it affects about 88 percent of jobs, and 81 percent of Dutch women in employment work in job levels where a glass ceiling is present.

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