Wednesday, 4 January 2017

The Intersection of Race, Sexual Orientation, Socioeconomic Status, Trans Identity, and Mental Health Outcomes

an article by Stephanie L. Budge (University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, USA), Jayden L. Thai (University of Louisville, Louisville, USA), Elliot A. Tebbe (University of Nebraska–Lincoln, Lincoln, USA) and Kimberly A. S. Howard (Boston University, USA) published in The Counseling Psychologist Volume 44 Number 7 (October 2016)


The present study examined patterns in trans individuals’ multiple identities and mental health outcomes.

Cluster 1 (socioeconomic and racial privilege; n = 239) was characterized by individuals who identified as trans women or cross-dressers, lesbian, bisexual, or questioning; had associates degrees; reported household incomes of $60,000 or more a year; and were non-Latino White.

Cluster 2 (educational privilege; n = 191) was characterized by individuals who identified as trans men or genderqueer, gay, or queer; had a bachelor’s degree; reported household incomes of $10,000 or less a year; and were people of color.

There was a pattern of individuals in Cluster 1 who identified with two privileged identities (identifying as White and having higher household incomes), whereas individuals in Cluster 2 identified only formal education as a privilege. Individuals in Cluster 2 reported statistically significant levels of anxiety. Implications of these results for future research and clinical practice are examined.

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