There are few quantitative studies that show the workplace is experienced in a different way by employees with disabilities.
This article fills this gap using data from the British Workplace Behaviour Survey, which found that employees with disabilities and long-term illnesses were more likely to suffer ill-treatment in the workplace and experienced a broader range of ill-treatment. Different types of disability were associated with different types of ill-treatment.
The survey also showed who employees with disabilities blamed for their ill-treatment and why they believed the ill-treatment had occurred.
Drawing on the existing literature, four possible explanations for ill-treatment are considered:
- negative affect raises perceptions of ill-treatment;
- ill-treatment leads to health effects;
- ill-treatment results from stigma or discrimination;
- ill-treatment is a consequence of workplace social relations.