Thursday, 18 April 2013

How do job characteristics contribute to burnout? Exploring the distinct mediating roles of perceived autonomy, competence, and relatedness

an article by Claude Fernet, Stéphanie Austin, Sarah-Geneviève Trépanier and Marc Dussault (Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada) published in European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology Volume 22 Issue 2 (2013)


This study aimed to better understand the psychological mechanisms, referred to in the job demands–resources model as the energetic and motivational processes, that can explain relationships between job demands (role overload and ambiguity), job resources (job control and social support), and burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment).

Drawing on self-determination theory, we examined whether psychological resources (perceived autonomy, competence, and relatedness) act as specific mediators between particular job demands and burnout as well as between job resources and burnout.

Participants were 356 school board employees.

Results of the structural equation analyses provide support for our hypothesised model, which proposes that certain job demands and resources are involved in both the energetic and motivational processes – given their relationships with psychological resources – and that they distinctively predict burnout components.

Implications for burnout research and management practices are discussed.

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