Thursday, 3 May 2012

Life-cycle patterns in male/female differences in job search

an article by Astrid Kunze (NHH Norwegian School of Economics, Norway) and Kenneth R. Troske (University of Kentucky & IZA, Bonn, Germany) published in Labour Economics Volume 19 Issue 2 (April 2012)


We investigate whether women search longer for a job than men and whether these differences change over the life cycle.

Our empirical analysis exploits German register data on highly attached displaced workers. We apply duration models to analyse gender differences in job search taking into account observed and unobserved worker heterogeneity and censoring. Simple survival functions show that displaced women take longer to find a new job than comparable men.

Disaggregation by age groups reveals that these differences are driven by differential behaviour of women in their prime-childbearing years. There is no significant difference in job search duration among the very young and older workers. These differential outcomes remain even after we control for differences in human capital and when unobserved heterogeneity is incorporated into the model.

JEL Codes J31; J63; J64; J71

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