Monday, 14 May 2012

Looking for Synergies: Education for Sustainable Development and the Bologna Process

an article by Zinaida Fadeeva (United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies, Yokohama, Japan) and Laima Galkute (Research and Higher Education Monitoring and Analysis Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania) published in Journal of Education for Sustainable Development Volume 6 Number 1 (March 2012)


In defining quality of higher education, competences achieved by graduates are interpreted as essential criteria. There are two political processes in education dealing, among other issues, with competence development:

  • the Bologna Process in European Higher Education Area and 
  • a global process – the United Nations (UN) Decade (2005–2014) of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD).
This article presents the desired learning outcomes and the strategic principles for achieving them based on both the Bologna-2020 action lines and the UNECE Strategy for ESD as the regional strategy for the UN Decade.

A possible interplay and synergy between these processes could bring a new insight to the development of the quality assurance concept within the Bologna Process. Key principles of ESD such as a value-orientation, a holistic approach, reflexivity and achieving transformation provide a learning philosophy and a strategy relevant to emerging qualities of the postmodern society.

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