Tuesday, 18 November 2014

Job emotions and job cognitions as determinants of job satisfaction: The moderating role of individual differences in need for affect

an article by Christian Schlett and Rene Ziegler (University of Tuebingen, Germany) published in Journal of Vocational Behavior Volume 84 Issue 1 (February 2014)


Research has shown that job satisfaction is determined by both cognitions about the job and affect at work. However, findings from basic and applied attitude research suggest that the extent to which attitudes are based on affective and cognitive information is contingent on stable individual differences, in particular need for affect.

Based on current conceptualizations of job satisfaction as an attitude toward the job, we hypothesized that job satisfaction depends more on affect and less on cognitions, the higher a person’s need for affect is.

To test these hypotheses, we conducted two correlational studies (N = 194 university employees; N = 134 employees from various organizations) as well as an experimental study (N = 191 university employees) in which the salience of positive versus negative job cognitions was varied.

Results supported our hypotheses.

We discuss theoretical and practical implications of these differences in affective and cognitive underpinnings of job satisfaction.

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