This article compares policy approaches regarding domestic employment in affluent countries and examines their impact on precarious work. Drawing on secondary literature and policy documents, this study identifies five policy approaches commonly applied in affluent countries to regulate and develop domestic employment:
- affordable services;
- simplifying use;
- regulating employment;
- regulating labour migration; and
- no policy.
Based on a literature review, three dimensions of precarious work are studied:
- the nature of employment (formal/informal);
- the employment relationship; and
- the form of employment (temporary or permanent, part time or full time).
The analysis also identifies positive measures that contribute to creating more secure employment conditions in domestic work through formalizing the sector. While there are differences in the outcomes of the different policy types, the findings suggest that across welfare states, domestic employment policies are still mostly demand driven and sustain the traditional, special nature of domestic work – often at the workers’ expense.
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